The project aims to study the first agricultural and pastoralist societies and their main social and aeconomic transformations in two diverse but complementary geographic areas, the Tigris and Zagros valleys.
Research is based on an interdisciplinary, dynamic and geographically broad approach focused on the study of recent prehistoric occupations from the 11th to the 1st millennium BC. The execution of different archaeological excavations from the last hunter-gatherers and the identification of long sequences from the Bronze Age will enhance the diachronic vision available for the history of these human groups, their management of a specific territory and their interrelation with others. These are three mutually indispensible general objectives:
1 To advance in the understanding of the social structure present in the processes of change located at the root of neolithization and the appearance of the first cities.
2 To continue the excavation and study of various sites in two different areas of Northern Mesopotamia: the middle valley of the Tigris River (Erbil) and the foothills of the Zagros area (Diana Valley, Soran).
3 To develop an interdisciplinary research dynamic in a context of intense collaboration with national and international teams (Institute of Cultural Heritage of Spain, Spain; Center Nationale de Recherche Scientifique CNRS, France; Salahaddin University and General Directorate of Antiquities of Kurdistan, Iraq).
A series of specific objectives have been outlined:
Line 1: The study of the transformation of the settlement: urban planning and demography.
Line 2: The establishment of a solid chronostratigraphy for the northeast of the Tigris.
Line 3: The study of ancient labour processes.
Line 4: The study of the management and exploitation of natural resources.
Line 5: The study of the networks exchanging products and ideas.
These objectives imply the need to carry out different fieldwork campaigns to prospect, excavate and study archaeological materials, both from our own excavations in Gali Chnaran, Banahilk, Gird Lashkir and from other sites as a result of the collaboration with multiple archaeological teams present in the zone.