Tell Lashkir

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Tell Lashkir is situated on the current Erbil plain, between the villages of Bnaslawa and Kasnazan. It is a 12 meter high mound that covers an area of ​​4ha in a currently industrial zone. 374m2 of the deposit was excavated during the years 2015 to 2019. This allowed opening up to 11 excavation sectors distributed in the east-west and north-south axes.

Beyond the detection of ceramics from the final Neolithic and Chalcolithic on the surface, the oldest and best preserved occupation levels (detected in sector 7), date from the final Chalcolithic 3 and 4, located in the middle of the 4th millennium BC was (ANE). This moment, marked by the origin of the first great cities in Mesopotamia, was also when the settlement of Tell Lahskir would have begun its own historical process.

In the middle of the 3rd millennium BCE and during the period known as Nineveh V, the excavations carried out in sector 3 show us the existence of an important settlement that would have included a great variety of buildings.

Among them would be found artisan areas where objects with a high symbolic load would have been produced. From this moment, different miniatures of both animals and a war chariot and molds to produce tools and metal weapons stand out.

Far from declining, the inhabitants of Tell Lashkir would have continued to inhabit the settlement throughout the Bronze Age without losing the ability to invest large amounts of work in constructing and maintaining the various buildings excavated in sectors 1 and 11.

Tell Lashkir, therefore, was articulated as one of the population centers located on the edge of the core of the Assyrian empire during both its Ancient (ca. 2000-1400 BCE) and Middle (ca. 1400-900) periods. The manufactured objects found at the site indicate that it had the capacity to import and export products such as bitumen or obsidian within the commercial networks of the time.

The archaeological evidence from sectors 1 and 9 indicates that the population overcame the crisis and collapse of the Bronze Age and that, also during the Neo-Assyrian empire, Tell Lashkir continued to be a living settlement. This is demonstrated by the construction and maintenance of different buildings. Little is known yet about the reasons that would have led to the abandonment of this enclave, but in the days of the Parthian Empire, more than 3,500 years after the founding of Tell Lashkir, we still find evidence of occupation, although perhaps only military.

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