The study focuses on Romanians living in two demographic enclaves in Spain, two significantly different places: Castellón de la Plana and Roquetas de Mar. The Romanian enclave in Castellón de la Plana has emerged in part as a response to the demand of workers in the ceramic and construction industries; the enclave in Roquetas de Mar, to the demand of intensive agriculture. We also study the regions of origin of the Romanians who live in these enclaves -primarily Dâmbovița and Bistrița-Năsăud, respectively- to better understand how livelihoods are constructed transnationally.
The research is thus "multisited". We use several methods of data collection:
- Participant observation: we participate in the local life of the different enclaves as well as in the different places of origin to understand daily life, social relations and future prospects.
- Questionnaire: to understand the migratory trajectory of the Romanian population we will administer 800 questionnaires. In addition, to be able to analyze the transnational connections we ask the participants to invite their contacts to be part of the research, following a so-called "link-tracing design".
- Interviews: In order to know in more detail some subjects treated in the questionnaire (migration trajectories, livelihood strategies and practices, daily life), we interview approximately 100 people in more depth using a more conversational style of interviewing.